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Nawabs Of Lucknow

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Nawab Saadat Khan (1722-39 A.D.):

Nawab Saadat Khan founded the dynasty of Awadh, after he arrived in 1705 AD in india by the name of Mohammad Amin as a nobleman from Persia. Gradually, he got in good terms with Muhammad Shah, the Mughal emperor and in 1722 AD, was made the governor of Awadh. Lucknow sheikhs were pressed down by this governor and he made great efforts to put his situation in advantage. He was a ruler with benevolence and had to keep down many unruly elements in the region and had made Lucknow as well as Faizabad as his residence. He was the nawab with the longest tenure in the position of governor.

Nawab Safdar Jang (1739-54 A.D.):

Nawab Abul Mansur Khan Safdar jang was the successor of Nawab Saadat Khan, who was his uncle and therefore had been the deputy of the province when Saadat Khan was the governor. Safdar jang was required to stay in delhi for carrying out the order of the mughal emperor, during which time, the deput Raja Newai Raj had to look after the city, while safdar jang died  and was buried in delhi.

Nawab Shuja-ud-daula (1754-75 A.D.):

Shuja-ud-daula also known as Mirza jalal-ud-din Haidar was Nawab Safdar jang’s successor and was his only son. He had great courage and was having a great promise of being a statesman and ruler. He had quite a lot of interest in the politics of that time in the country. Ali Gauhar, who was the prince of the mughal crown, once had to take shelter with the nawab and when he was crowned as the emperor, Shuja-ud-daula was also declared as the wazir of the empire. He had taken active part in the Buxar battle in the year 1764 AD, which helped them win the battle and he also helped in the extension of the Awadh empire. On his death in the city of Faizabad, he had a beautiful mausoleum built in his honor by the name of Gulab Bari.

Nawab Saadat Ali Khan (1797-1814 A.D.):

Saadat Ali Khan was the replacement to the previous governor Wazir Ali, and was Asaf-ud-daula was his half brother, and as a ruler of Awadh, he is considered to be the best. He ruled for about 16 years and there was an able rule during his time. Due to his rule, people were content and happy and also prospered. The buildings from Kaiserbagh and Dilkusha were built during his time.

King Ghazi-ud-din Haider (1814-27 A.D.):

Ghazi-ud-din Hyder, the son of Saadat ali Khan succeeded his father as was known as a person who didn’t want to do anything or see anything. Among the ruling nawabs, of Awadh, he was the last one. In 1819, the was titled the King by Marquis of Hastings. During this reign, the region of Awadh came to be known as a territory specially. The Chuttar Manzil and Moti Mahal were constructed by him, as well as the Qadam Rasul and the place called Shah Najaf, where he was place after death.

King Nasir-ud-din Haider (1827-37 A.D.):

Ghazi –ud-din hyder was succeded by King Nasir-ud-din Haider, whose rule was without any significant happenings. There were only pleasurable pursuits throughout his rule and there were not rules and disciplines in the court.

King Muhammad Ali Shah (1837-42 A.D.):

Nasir-ud-din was followed by Muhammad Ali Shah as the nawab, who loved architecture and promoted it n the city with the construction of Husainabad imambara, which also is his tomb, apart from various other beautiful buildings.

King Amjad Ali Shah (1842-47 A.D.):

Amjad Ali Shah, the son of Muhammad Ali Shah was his successor, who built the lucknow Kanpur road, as well as Hazratganj, where his own mausoleum was built. A college inside the campus of Imambara was built by Amjad Ali Shah in Lucknow, which helped in the teaching of Shia faith.

King Wajid Ali Shah (1847-56 A.D.):

Wajid Ali Shan was born in 1822 on the 30th of July and came on to the throne at the age of 26 in 1847, who was born to Amjad Ali Shah and nawab Taj Ara Begum, who was later titled as Malika-i-Kishwar Fakhr-uz-Zamani. During this time, britishers had almost captured the Awadh region, to such an extent that the king was not allowed to appoint or remove anyone, without taking the permissions from East India Company’s men. Wajid Ali tried to listen to the complaints of the local people by placing various boxes in the city area of Lucknow, so that he could cater to these issues. For this purpose, there were about 1700 men who dealt with letters, and physicians and various scientists numbering 500 who looked after the issues. Various roads made of metal, were constructed from lucknow towards Kanpur as well as towards Faizabad were constructed. Hospital maintenance was done with huge spending and also for the subjects welfare.

Brijis Qadr:

During the birth of Brigis Qadr, 11 guns were fired on the order of Amjad Ali Shah, who was his grandfather for his honor. After awadh was annexed in 1856, Wajid Shah went away from lucknow along with his sons, so that Brijis Qadr as a young man was left to rule the kingdom. He along with his mother Begum Hazrat Mahal fought for the region’s independence. About 21 guns were sounded off when he was made the Awadh ruler in 1857. When Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar recognized the kingdom, again a 21 round gun salute was given in 1857. The battle for independence was unfortunately lost by them and Brijis Qadr and his mother went into Nepal, where hazrat begum died in 1879 and Brijis Qadr came back to Kolkata, where he was assassinated treachoursly.

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